A recent report highlighted the apparent long-standing use of amoxicillin injection into orange trees 3 to 4 times a year to treat Citrus greening disease, caused by bacteria spread by psyllid insects. Amoxicillin -- reportedly used widely in northern and central orange orchards -- could lead to drug resistance or even fatal allergies in humans as well as contaminating the environment, especially water sources.
[A pharmacist] said his colleagues had identified the issue of antibiotic use in
Norovirus, which is sometimes called stomach flu or a stomach bug, is "a very contagious virus that causes vomiting and diarrhea," according to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. It leads to 19 to 21 million cases of acute gastroenteritis in the United States every year.
The commonest symptoms are stomach pain, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. Fever, headache and body aches can also be signs of norovirus.
CDC says that symptoms usually develop 12-48 hours after a person is
Number of cases 1859
Age range 12-86
Median age 37
Male 1119 (60.2%)
Hospitalizations 960 (51.6%)
Co-infection with hepatitis C (information available for 1452 cases) 852 (58.7%)
Co-infection with hepatitis B (information available for 1452 cases) 158 (10.4%)
Reports illicit drug use (information available for 1589 cases) 1178 (74.1%)
Homeless 202 (10.9%)
[HealthMap/ProMED-mail map of West
- Contrary to what has been reported in some international media, the Ministry of Health has not suspended the Ebola response. Following the attack of a MONUSCO [Mission de l'Organisation des Nations Unies pour la stabilisation en République démocratique du Congo] base in the Boikene district, Ruwenzori commune, in the city of Beni, by an armed group on the evening of Fri 16 Nov 2018, the field activities in Beni did not take place normally at the beginning of the day on Sat 17
Strange case of foot and mouth disease [FMD] ravaging animals in different parts of Yobe State is scaring livestock farmers in the state. Cases of the disease were said to have been found in communities in Jakusko, Fune, Nangere, Tarmuwa, Potiskum, Damaturu, Fika and Gulani local government areas of the state.
Breeders from the affected areas told the Daily Trust that the scourge manifested shortly after the rainy season and that it had so far claimed many animals. The chairman of Kullen
Siddharth Sridhar, Cyril C.Y. Yip, Shusheng Wu, et al. Rat hepatitis E virus as cause of persistent hepatitis after liver transplant. Emerg Infect Dis. Dec 2018; 24(12)
Hepatitis E virus (HEV) infects 20 million humans worldwide annually (1). HEV-infected persons usually have self-limiting acute hepatitis. However, persistent hepatitis can occur in HEV-infected immunocompromised patients who acquire infection by eating undercooked pork, rabbit, deer, camel, or boar meat (2-6). HEV
The wildfires that have laid waste to vast parts of California are presenting residents with a new danger: air so thick with smoke it ranks among the dirtiest in the world. In the communities closest to the Paradise fire, a smoky fog cloaked the roads, evacuees wandered in white masks and officials said respiratory hospitalizations had surged. Nearly 200 miles [about 320 km] to the south, in San Francisco, the smoke was so thick health warnings prompted widespread school closings. Even the
Despite another violent clash, the health ministry said most response actions continued, except for a brief pause in vaccination.
Alongside the finding that progress has stalled in hard hit countries, the WHO and partners launched a new response strategy focusing on country efforts to cut the illness burden.
In the Saratov region, veterinary activities worth 4.1 million rubles [USD 62 127] have been applied in agricultural and domestic animals.
In areas bordering with Kazakhstan, vaccination against foot and mouth disease [FMD] is being carried out; 383 500 head of cattle and small ruminants have been vaccinated.
According to the information from the Saratov veterinary department, 1.2 million vaccinations were given against anthrax, and 467 600 against nodular dermatitis [lumpy skin disease
Enteritis necroticans is a segmental necrotizing infection of the jejunum and ileum caused by _Clostridium perfringens_, type C. The disease occurs sporadically in parts of Asia, Africa, and the South Pacific, where it primarily affects children with severe protein malnutrition. The disease is extremely rare in developed countries, where it has been seen primarily in diabetics. 2 cases have previously been reported in the United States, one in a child with poorly controlled type 1 diabetes. A
Editor's note: FSIS [United States Department of Agrticulture (USDA) Food Safety and Inspection Service] and our public health partners, including CDC [Centers for Disease Control and Prevention] and state public health officials, are investigating a _Salmonella [enterica_ serotype] Reading outbreak. Please note that FSIS is continuing to investigate illnesses associated with this widespread outbreak, and additional product from other companies may also be recalled. Salmonella is prevalent and
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is warning about more cases of salmonella-tainted beef from an Arizona company. There have now been 66 cases in California and 246 nationwide linked to JBS Tolleson. The company recalled nearly 7 million pounds of beef products in early October 2018.
A total of 59 people have been hospitalized. None have died. The beef was packaged from [26 Jul to 7 Sep 2018] and sold with establishment number "EST 267".
- A syphilis outbreak has spread to Adelaide [capital of the Australian state of South Australia/SA].
- There have been 64 cases reported in SA, including an infant, since 2016.
- An outbreak of the disease started in Queensland in early 2011.
SA Health issued an alert to medical practitioners, advising the syphilis outbreak had formally been extended to Adelaide after previously being in place in the state's Far North, Eyre Peninsula, and western regions. [See ProMED-mail. Syphilis -
1. Terms of reference
Following introduction of African swine fever virus (ASFv) in wildlife (wild boars) in the province of Luxembourg (Belgium) the Scientific Committee has been asked to give rapid advice
- on the risk of geographic spreading of ASFv in wildlife (wild boars);
- on the risk of introduction and spread of ASFv in Belgian pig farms;
- and to assess the efficiency of measures that have been taken to prevent the risk of spreading of ASFv in wildlife and the risk of
A 43 year old biologist infected with the rabies virus died on Wed 14 Nov 2018 the Ministry of Health has confirmed. His admission to the medical center occurred 2 months after the biologist entered a cave during a family outing on 15 Aug 2018 in Copey de Dota and had contact with bats, suffering a bite on one of his arms. He began to manifest symptoms [numbness and paralysis, difficulties swallowing, and behavioral disorders] on 11 Oct 2018, when he finally decided to obtain medical help. The
Hippos in Luangwa River in Chama district in Muchinga Province are reportedly dying from suspected anthrax disease. Confirming the development to ZANIS, Chama district commissioner Leonard Ngoma said a team from the University of Zambia (UNZA) has since visited the affected areas to collect samples for testing.
Mr Ngoma said results from the samples taken are yet to be released to confirm whether or not the hippos are dying from suspected anthrax or whether it is because of overpopulation.