Get tough. After the 2014 California measles outbreak, the state eliminated nonmedical exemptions for mandatory vaccinations. After a similar outbreak in Michigan, health officials there began requiring individuals to formally consult with their local health departments before opting out of otherwise-mandatory shots. In both cases, these tougher policies drove up vaccination rates. Other states ought to follow this lead, and the federal government should consider tightening restrictions around
Information received on 16 Jan 2019 from Dr Salah Fadhil Abbas, Director General, Veterinary Directorate, Ministry of Agriculture, Baghdad, Iraq
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 1 Nov 2018
Date of confirmation of the event: 5 Dec 2018
Reason for notification: 1st occurrence of a listed disease in the country
Causal agent: Koi herpesvirus
Nature of diagnosis: clinical, laboratory (basic and advanced)
This event pertains to the whole
1st Notice: Samples from Zalafeh (Megido area) and Moshav Sharona have tested PPR- [peste des petits ruminants] positive.
In addition: PPR is suspected in Moshav Addirim.
Dr. Avi Wasserman
(Acting) Director Field Veterinary Services
[The 3 named locations are in mid-northern Israel: Zalafeh and Adirim in the valley of Yezreel (Megido area), Sharona in Lower Galilee.
We are informed that the current outbreak in Sharona involves a lamb fattening
Epidemiological situation in Katwa
- The health zones of Katwa and Butembo are the main current outbreaks of the epidemic, which reported 65% of new confirmed cases recorded in the last 21 days (58/89).
- The main difficulty in Katwa is the reluctance of relatives of confirmed cases. The majority of new confirmed cases identified in Katwa are reluctant contacts who have refused vaccination and follow-up of contacts. Thus, the last 10 confirmed cases of Katwa, in the Muchanga health area,
The number of scarlet fever and measles cases reported in Kent has hit worrying new levels in the past year . But perhaps more worryingly, cases of scarlet fever hit their highest level since available records began in 2010.
Scarlet fever is a very contagious, seasonal bacterial illness that usually presents with a sore throat, fever, headaches, and a rosy rash that generally starts on a patient's chest. It mainly affects children and the sickness usually peaks between December and
The U.S. Department of Agriculture's Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) confirmed 18 Jan 2019 the presence of virulent Newcastle disease (VND) in a small flock of backyard exhibition chickens in Utah County, Utah. This is the 1st case of VND in Utah, APHIS said.
According to APHIS, this case is believed to be connected to the current VND outbreak in California, as 3 of the birds at the premises were recently moved to Utah from Los Angeles County, CA. Since May 2018, 299
State veterinarians are investigating a beef herd in Sargent County, North Dakota, after bovine tuberculosis was identified.
"In late 2018, we were notified that 2 adult beef cows originating from the herd tested positive for _Mycobacterium bovis_ at out-of-state slaughter plants," state veterinarian Dr. Susan Keller said. "The National Veterinary Services Laboratory (NVSL) in Ames, Iowa, confirmed the TB diagnosis in the cows."
The herd was subsequently tested by state and federal
While Japan saw 282 measles cases total, an outbreak in Okinawa that started in March 2018 accounted for more than one-third of the total annual cases (101). The outbreak began on 20 Mar 2018 and has been linked to an imported case from Taiwan. It had spread to Aichi and Kanagawa prefectures and Tokyo. The Okinawa outbreak was declared over in June 2018.
Japan has successfully eliminated endemic measles transmission and sustained this status since March 2015 through both high vaccination
Since April 2018, 285 cases of acute hepatitis A virus (HAV) infection have been reported to the Massachusetts Department of Public Health (MDPH) in individuals with recent experience of homelessness, unstable housing, and/or substance use disorder.
Deaths: 1% (4)
Homelessness / unstable housing: 52%
Injection drug use: 74%
Any illicit drug use: 88%
[As the numbers of cases continue to rise in a
- China - Gansu added. [The updated list includes the following 24 provinces/territories: Anhui, Heilongjiang, Henan, Jilin, Liaoning, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Shanxi, Yunnan, Hunan and Guizhou, Hubei, Jiangxi, Fujian, Sichuan, Shaanxi, Qinghai, Guangdong, and Gansu provinces, Tianjin, Chongqing, Shanghai and Beijing municipalities, and Inner Mongolia autonomous region].
- Mongolia - Tuv, Bulgan, Orkhon, Dundgovi provinces and Ulaanbaatar.
Members of the Simbu serogroup are arboviruses that are mainly transmitted by _Culicoides_. Akabane and Shuni viruses, 2 members of the Simbu serogroup, have been isolated from congenitally malformed ruminants in Israel. A recent serosurvey revealed that Israeli ruminants have been exposed to several additional Simbu viruses, including _Shamonda_ and _Sathuperi_, that seem to be circulating in Israel.
In April 2017, an apparently healthy one-month-old male calf was transferred to the Kimron
Japanese researchers describe two H3N2 flu viruses with mutations that may increase antiviral resistance.
A medical source at the Zaidia rural hospital north of the city of Hodeidah, western Yemen, reported the death of 9 people, including 3 children, after severe watery diarrhea and vomiting, likely to have cholera. The source explained in an interview with "Newsmen" that the center for the treatment of cholera patients in the hospital Zaidiyah received during 3 days 87 cases with watery diarrhea from the center of the district and the monasteries located west of the city.
The source said that
A total of 62.4% of patients taking tafenoquine were free of P vivax after 6 months.
Three more pediatric flu deaths were reported, bringing to 19 the number of deaths in children this season.
Poland's battle to control highly contagious African swine fever (ASF) is turning into a political problem for the ruling Law and Justice (PiS) party. Since Saturday [12 Jan 2019], hunters have been out in force across the country gunning for wild boars -- many of which are carriers of the deadly disease that the Polish government wants to stamp out to protect domestic pigs.
It's the scale of the cull that's causing the trouble. A total of some 20 000 wild boars will be killed over the next
On 16 Oct 2017, the Harare City Health Department (HCHD) in Zimbabwe identified a suspected typhoid fever (typhoid) case in a resident of Harare's Mbare suburb. Typhoid is a potentially fatal illness caused by _Salmonella enterica_ serovar Typhi (Typhi). HCHD initiated an investigation and identified a cluster of 17 suspected typhoid cases, defined as the occurrence of fever and at least one of the following symptoms: headache, malaise, abdominal discomfort, vomiting, diarrhea, cough, or